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Robin Hood Gardens

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Architekt Alison&Peter Smithson
Detail
Fertigstellung 1972
Image Bild:Robin Hood Gardens- Green.jpg
Ingenieur Alison&Peter Smithson
Auftraggeber
Ort Poplar, London
Primärtragstruktur Fertig-Beton
Gebäudetyp Wohnungsbau

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Introduction

The "Robin Hood Gardens" are the realised version of the idea of the "Golden Lane" project, which was originally Alison and Peter Smithsons contribution to a competition for the reconstruction of London City after the Second World War. The project is inspired by the circumstances of the postwar period, the desire for collective and individual identity as social cohesion as well as the Dorn-Manifesto of the CIAM group of architects and the Unité d`habitation in Marseille by Le Corbusier. After its realisation the project turned out to be a constructional and social desaster. The "Robin Hood Gardens" complex is carried out in the social degraded area of Poplar, London. "Robin Hood Gardens" are owned by the "Tower Hamlets Council".


Architects and Planners

Architect: Alison and Peter Smithson

Planner: Alison and Peter Smithson

Function: council housing complex

Location: Poplar, London (GB)

Project Duration: 1967/69-1972


Construction

The "Robin Hood Gardens" complex consists of two structures which surround a large open green area accessible to all its residents. The higher building which is formed in the shape of a wide V contains of 10 stories, the lower one, formed in the shape of an open L, of 7 stories. The two blocks are massive buildings made of precast concrete in the sense of the era of "Brutalism" with wide open balconies supported by concrete columns. The blocks contain 213 apartments of different size, but similar composition and orientation. Every apartment is accessible over a public pedestrian corridor on each level.


Floor Plan

The arrangement of the two blocks which are facing each other is due to keeping the maintained and landscaped green area in between private, but accessible to all residents. The buildings contain educational and commercial facilities on the ground floors, the housing area is located above. The outlook of the flat overlooks the intern green space on the one site and the external streets on the other one. The bedroom departments, kitchens and dining rooms are oriented towards the green space, whilst the access gateways and living rooms face the surrounding traffic roads. The central aspect of the conception of the floor plan is the system of the "Streets-in-the-Air". Every story includes a pedestrian "street" which forms a connection to the urban publicity by allowing access to public as well as to private spaces whilst vehicle traffic is rigidly excluded from the property. Social contacts and neighborhood relations were the aim to be reached by this site development. The most frequented traffic route leads along the head site of the buildings. The whole complex covers an area of about two hectares of ground space.


Redevelopment Plans

After an ongoing debate about the failure of the Tower Hamlets Council as far as the maintenance of the estate and the delay of an official voting and a resulting decision about the future plans applied to the property, in January 2011 the addition of the "Robin Hood Gardens" to the list of the English Heritage was finally denied. To keep moving forward a competition about the redevelopment of the site was advertised which was won by Swan Housing Group. Instead of the renovation of the two building complexes they will now be demolished and the 213 apartments will be replaced by 1621 new homes which will be a further part of the regeneration project of Blackwall Reach which moreover includes shops and community facilities.[1]


Pictures


Location

Die nötige Wiki-Syntax um diese Karte zu erzeugen: Alle Punkte entfernen

Sources

Weblinks

Wikipedia Robin Hood Gardens]

Wikiarquitectura Robin Hood Gardens]

Baunetzwoche Robin Hood Gardens]


Homepages

en.wikipedia.org

en.wikiarquitectura.com

www.baunetz.de

www.e-architect.co.uk


Literature

  • Alison and Peter Smithson 1983,The Shift,Academy tions ISBN-10: 0856706809
  • Alison and Peter Smithson 1968,Team 10 Primer,MIT Press ISBN-10: 0262190486
Fakten zu Robin Hood GardensRDF-Feed
ArchitektAlison&Peter Smithson  +
Fertigstellung1972  +
GebäudetypWohnungsbau  +
ImageRobin Hood Gardens- Green.jpg  +
IngenieurAlison&Peter Smithson  +
OrtPoplar  + und London  +
PrimärtragstrukturFertig-Beton  +
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